Muscle cramps often present when a muscle is overworked or injured. Training when you haven’t had enough fluids (are dehydrated) or when you have low mineral levels, like potassium or calcium, this can make you more prone to having a muscle spasm.
Muscle cramps can occur while you practice any sport.
Muscle spasms can also be provoked by the next conditions:
At the first sign of a muscle spasm, suspend your activity and try to stretch and massage the affected muscle. The heat will relax the muscle when the spasm begins, but ice can also help after the first spasm and once the pain is better.
If the muscle still hurts, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory can help with the pain. If the muscle cramps are too intense, you doctor can prescribe an antispasmodic.